KKM / BKP QR Tuberculosis

【免費書籍App】KKM / BKP QR Tuberculosis-APP點子


1. Tuberculosis (TB) is a notifiable infectious disease. Timely diagnosis, prompt

treatment & adherence to medication are key factors in combating TB.

2. Screening of TB should be done in high risk groups including all close contacts

(especially household contacts).

3. Patients with symptoms of TB should have sputum smear for acid fast bacilli

(AFB), mycobacterium culture & sensitivity (C&S), & chest x-ray (CXR) done.

Nucleic Acid Amplification Tests (NAAT) plays a role in rapid detection of

Mycobacterium tuberculosis & multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB).

4. TB serology should not be used to diagnose pulmonary TB (PTB) or

extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB).

【免費書籍App】KKM / BKP QR Tuberculosis-APP點子

5. For latent TB infection (LTBI), tuberculin skin test (TST) is the preferred method

for diagnosis. Interferon Gamma Release Assay may be used as an alternative.

Treatment should be considered for high risk patients.

6. A daily antiTB regimen is recommended for both intensive & maintenance phases.

A proper defaulter tracing system should be in place to detect early interruption in

treatment and follow-up. Poorly managed TB will lead to drug-resistant TB.

7. Fixed-Dose Combinations are preferred to separate-drugs combination for the

treatment of TB.

8. Infants & children under 5 years of age with close contact are at high risk of

developing active TB.

9. Active TB should be ruled out in all HIV-positive patients.

10. Preventive measures should be employed to reduce TB risk among healthcare

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KKM / BKP QR Tuberculosis APP LOGO

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KKM / BKP QR Tuberculosis APP QRCode

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